As part of the World Food Programme’s (WFP) Migration Pulse initiative for which RIWI is the key data provider, RIWI conducted a study to understand and compare international migration trends and experiences between the North and South of Nigeria. Understanding these migration patterns was critical for WFP to inform their strategic planning and crisis response in order to provide effective assistance. Gathering data in Nigeria can be difficult, especially when trying to capture information from a largely scattered population. RIWI’s Random Domain Intercept Technology proved to be an effective and efficient methodology for this otherwise data collection exercise and enabled WFP to hear from target individuals and potential beneficiaries in Nigeria.
RIWI launched a nationwide survey and received results from a diverse group of over 7,000 respondents. RIWI received responses from all 37 Nigerian states and from respondents across all age groups and socio-economic statuses. RIWI collected a total of 7,098 completed surveys from 2,180 households who did have a family member currently considered an international migrant, and 4,918 from households who did not have a family member currently considered an international migrant. Using the information provided by RIWI, WFP was able to better understand the reasons behind migration and the impacts, both positive and negative, on families left behind. WFP used this information to inform strategic planning and tailored recommendations to provide assistance to Nigeria’s migrating population.
Using the data provided by RIWI, WFP published a specialized report discussing migration trends in the Northern and Southern states of Nigeria. In the report, WFP put forth recommendations on granting safe access to land, and providing support to income generating activities, non-agricultural livelihoods, food, and labour markets. The data further revealed that in conflict-affected states, the inability to meet food needs is a significant push factor in comparison to other regions and states that are not as affected by conflict.
“Through the web-based surveys, responses were also collected from families to understand the root causes of outward migration from Nigeria and relations to food insecurity. It was found that the top reasons for Nigerians going abroad were linked to education and job opportunities, as well as meeting food needs”
World Food Programme